Author: Tori McGowan

Eye Doctors and Ophthalmologists Work Together to Ensure Healthy Vision

A wide range of health issues can impact your vision. That’s why eye doctors are often the first ones to detect such conditions as diabetes, high blood pressure, and autoimmune diseases.

Your eyes have a unique structure, including pigmented cells, a rich network of blood vessels, and the optic nerve that carries visual messages to your brain. These features make them vulnerable to many medical issues. Contact Eye Doctor Ellicott City MD now!

A typical eye exam begins with the doctor asking you about your vision problems and any health issues that might affect your eyes, such as high blood pressure or diabetes. Then they’ll use a variety of tests and medical apparatus to examine the inside and outside of your eyes.

They may start by shining a bright light into your eyes to see how well you can focus (eyesight test). You might also be asked to read from an eye chart while they watch to ensure the letters get smaller as you move down the line. This test is called visual acuity.

The doctor might also use a special instrument to measure the thickness of your cornea, which could indicate glaucoma. During this test, you will sit in front of a machine with your head resting on a chin rest. A thin probe is inserted into the front of your eye, where it touches the cornea for a few seconds to make a measurement.

You might also have an ocular motility test, where the doctor asks you to follow a penlight or light with your eyes without moving your head. This can detect weak muscle control and help identify problems such as strabismus (crossed eyes) or amblyopia (lazy eye).

The last part of the exam usually involves the slit lamp examination, in which your doctor shines a light from a small device called an ophthalmoscope directly into your eye. Your pupil will be dilated using drops before this happens, and your eye doctor can then take a close look at the back of your eye through the pupil to examine the retina, optic nerve, blood vessels and choroid coat.


A comprehensive eye exam is the medically recognized standard for ensuring healthy vision and detecting eye diseases, including glaucoma, which can lead to blindness. Eye exams also safeguard overall health by detecting conditions such as diabetes, high blood pressure and autoimmune diseases before they can damage other organs of the body.

Eye diseases often have no symptoms in the early stages, so it’s important to visit your eye doctor regularly. An ophthalmologist can perform a detailed, dilated eye exam by injecting you with medication that widens your pupils, giving them a better view of the inside of your eyes. This allows them to assess the strength of your vision, check how well your eyes are aligned and examine the retina and optic nerve for signs of a disease such as macular degeneration.

An ophthalmologist can also use other tests to diagnose eye diseases and disorders, such as an Amsler grid, which makes lines appear fuzzy and warped when you have macular degeneration, or a fluorescent dye test called a fluorescein angiogram, which detects leaking blood vessels in the retina. They can also prescribe medications, low vision rehabilitation therapy and spectacle lenses and contact lenses.

There are several warning signs that indicate you need to see an eye doctor, ranging from pink eye (which is caused by a virus or bacteria) to blurry vision. Red eyes, especially if they are accompanied by pain or a discharge, could indicate a serious problem like a broken blood vessel in the retina. Other signs that should prompt you to make an appointment include sudden double vision and seeing black spots or flashes of light, which may indicate a retinal tear or macular degeneration.


Whether you’re dealing with eye allergies or the effects of aging, both optometrists and ophthalmologists can treat common eye conditions. The two types of doctors work closely together to ensure patients receive comprehensive care.

Optometrists are medical doctors (OD) or osteopathic doctors (DO) who specialize in eye health and vision care. They’re trained to diagnose refractive errors—including myopia, hyperopia, and astigmatism—and prescribe corrective lenses like eyeglasses or contact lenses. Optometrists can also perform a variety of in-office procedures, such as foreign body removal and instillation of medications.

Ophthalmologists have completed medical school, a transitional year internship, and a residency in ophthalmology or a related field. They can provide a wide range of services, including removing foreign bodies from the eyes, conducting laser vision correction surgery, and treating cataracts, macular degeneration, diabetic retinopathy, glaucoma, and other eye-related problems.

After completing their undergraduate degree, ophthalmologists must complete four years of medical school. During their medical training, they’re assigned to various rotations in internal, family, and pediatric medicine, obstetrics/gynecology, and surgery, among others. They can also choose to focus on a subspecialty in ophthalmology, such as pediatric ophthalmology or retinal disease.

During an in-office dry eye treatment, an ophthalmologist will use a special device that heats and massages the eyes at the same time. This combination of LED-based heat and gentle pressure works to unclog clogged oil glands and reduce dry eye symptoms. The treatment typically takes just a few minutes and is very effective. It’s a great option for those who suffer from chronic or severe dry eye and want relief. Often, the treatment can be repeated as needed. You can purchase a similar device from a dry eye specialist to use at home, such as the TearLab Ocular Surface Treatment.


The prescription that your eye doctor fills in tells the makers of your glasses or contact lenses how strong (or weak) your eyes are and what kind of lens you need. It also identifies whether you are farsighted, nearsighted or have astigmatism.

There are several methods that an eye doctor can use to determine a prescription for your glasses. These include retinoscopy, autorefraction and subjective refraction. The first two do not require the patient to provide feedback and are therefore ideal for infants, bedridden patients and non-communicating adults. Subjective refraction is the most accurate method, however it requires a trained technician to perform and can be time consuming.

Your prescription will include abbreviations like RE (right eye) and LE (left eye), as well as a number between 1 and 180 indicating the strength of your astigmatism correcting lens. It will also include a spherical number and cylinder power for each eye. The spherical number is the amount of diopters needed to correct your nearsighted or farsighted vision, while the cylinder power indicates the orientation of the astigmatism correction in your lens (it can be positive or negative).

Some eye doctors may add other information to your prescription such as PD (pupillary distance) or BVD (back vertex distance), which refers to the distance between your pupils. Others may include a notation of the shape of your corneas (toric, mono-scleral and irregular), as this can help ensure that your new lenses fit correctly. In addition, your prescription should contain a date of expiration and any restrictions on the type and brand of lenses you can purchase. In most cases, you have the right to get a copy of your prescription from your eye doctor at no extra cost. You should always keep a record of your prescription in a safe place, or at least take a picture of it with your smartphone, to make it easier for you to access it when you need it.


In some cases, an eye doctor may need to refer a patient to another ophthalmologist or medical specialist. This is a vital part of ensuring the best care for a patient. However, effective comanagement of referrals requires more than just knowing what to do. It also means building relationships, addressing challenges and knowing when to tap into the expertise of your colleagues.

For example, if an eye doctor wants to take advantage of the advanced diagnostic capabilities available at a tertiary center, they may need to build relationships with those ophthalmologists. This can be challenging, especially for newer optometry practices, but it’s important to reach out to those in the community and establish a network that will last throughout your career.

Similarly, it’s important for eye doctors to build relationships with primary care physicians and other medical specialists. This can help ensure that patients receive the appropriate care, and it can prevent unnecessary or overlapping tests. In addition, medical insurance providers require a referral from a physician before they will approve treatment.

Finally, a referral is often required in order to qualify for special services, such as cataract surgery. This is because the surgeon will need to know the eye condition of the patient in order to provide an accurate diagnosis and treatment plan.

To avoid violating the anti-kickback statute (AKS), ophthalmology practices should obtain expert legal advice before offering any incentives to their referral sources. While expensive meals and tickets to sporting events might seem like a good way to build rapport, they could be considered illegal inducements and subject the ophthalmology practice to a whistleblower lawsuit. Likewise, ophthalmology groups should carefully consider the implications of hosting educational courses for optometrists, as the provision of such educational materials may violate the AKS and lead to a whistleblower lawsuit.

The Essential Guide to DIY Plumbing: Tips for Homeowners

Aurora CO Plumbers install, repair and maintain the pipes and fixtures that provide water, waste and heat in residential and commercial structures. They read and interpret blueprints and building codes to determine the best location for pipes, and use specialized tools to unclog drains and fix leaks.

The career requires manual dexterity, attention to detail and interpersonal skills. It also involves working with hazardous materials, including sewage and other contaminants.

Plumbers are responsible for the installation and repair of a range of plumbing fixtures and appliances. This includes toilets, kitchen and bathroom sinks and faucets, bathtubs, showers, water heaters, and more. They also install and repair backflow prevention devices and septic tanks. Plumbing services can be provided both in homes and commercial settings. Plumbers must be knowledgeable about all relevant building codes and regulations. They also need to be able to interpret blueprints and plans. Plumbers often work with construction teams to ensure that the plumbing systems are integrated seamlessly into new buildings.

Plumbers must be familiar with a wide variety of tools and be able to use them effectively. They may need to dig and cut pipes in tight spaces, so they need physical stamina and good manual dexterity. They must be able to identify and diagnose problems based on observations and the information they have received from customers. This can involve using specialized equipment like video cameras to inspect pipes, pressure gauges to test for leaks, and other diagnostic tools.

Some plumbers specialize in specific types of plumbing fixtures and systems. For example, some are experts in installing and repairing dishwashers and garbage disposals. Others may focus on heating, cooling, and ventilation systems. Still others may provide general plumbing maintenance services. These might include replacing washers and gaskets, unclogging drains, and fixing leaks and other minor repairs.

Plumbing companies often offer emergency services as well. This can include responding to calls from homeowners or business owners about clogged drains, low water pressure, or other issues that require immediate attention. These plumbers are often trained in how to quickly and efficiently address these concerns to minimise the disruption to the customer’s life or business.

A high school diploma is typically the minimum educational requirement to become a plumber. Many people obtain their training through an apprenticeship program. These programs last between two and five years and cover all aspects of the job, from learning about the latest equipment and systems to understanding local plumbing codes and regulations. Apprenticeships are usually offered through vocational schools and technical colleges.


Plumbing is a hands-on job that requires physical exertion. It is not recommended for people who suffer from back problems or other chronic conditions. Plumbers are required to wear protective gear including masks, goggles, and gloves when working on pipes or handling dangerous materials. These safety measures are necessary to prevent contact with hazardous materials like toxic chemicals, bacteria, and viruses. It is also essential to maintain proper work area hygiene by cleaning up spills promptly and disposing of trash properly.

Some of the tasks performed by plumbers include repairing broken faucets, toilets, water heaters, and drains. They may also install new fixtures such as sinks, bathtubs, and showers. They also inspect sewer systems and connect them to water supply lines. They may even test for leaks in sewage pipes using a special tool. Plumbers often perform these tasks in residential homes, but they can also be found in large commercial buildings and industrial settings.

Plumbers usually receive on-the-job training through an apprenticeship program, which lasts from four to five years and combines classroom instruction with paid on-the-job training. Those who wish to become plumbers should have at least a high school diploma or equivalent and be able to read blueprints.

There are a few different types of plumbers, each with their own specialty. Licensed residential plumbers are experienced in new installations and repairs of plumbing fixtures such as toilets, showers, and water heaters in single-family homes. They can also handle bigger jobs such as re-piping and whole-house re-wiring.

Licensed commercial plumbers are skilled in installing and maintaining plumbing systems in larger buildings such as offices, malls, and schools. These plumbers are typically required to have more experience in handling larger-scale plumbing projects and may be required to submit to a background check before being hired for these kinds of jobs.

Sanitary plumbers specialize in testing and repairing sewage systems, and they are often required to handle dangerous bacteria and microbes that are excreted from human waste. These bacteria and microbes can cause infections such as cholera, typhoid, hepatitis, and ascariasis. Because of this, sanitary plumbers must use specialized tools to remove and replace contaminated sewage pipes and disinfect the entire plumbing system before it is used again.


A plumber can fix a variety of plumbing problems. Some common issues include clogged drains, toilets that don’t flush, leaky faucets, and faulty water heaters. Some of these problems can be fixed by homeowners, but it’s best to hire a professional to ensure that the repairs are done correctly and that the home or business is safe.

A skilled plumber can quickly identify and address the problem to prevent further damage. They also have the tools and knowledge to ensure that the repaired system is functioning properly. Plumbers can also handle more complex plumbing issues, such as sewer line repair. Sewer lines can get damaged by tree roots, heavy rains, or freezing temperatures. When this happens, the pipes can clog or break, leading to wastewater backflow and severe property damage. Plumbers can use special cameras to inspect the sewer lines and make the necessary repairs.

Plumbers are trained to understand the physics behind how plumbing systems work. They can troubleshoot and diagnose issues with ease and come up with solutions that are effective, affordable, and durable. Plumbers can also help ensure that all of the work they do complies with local building codes and regulations.

Plumbing is a physically demanding job that requires stamina and strength to lift and maneuver objects. It also requires manual dexterity to work with small parts and pieces. Plumbers need to be detail-oriented and able to think critically in order to solve problems.

In addition to their technical skills, plumbers must have excellent customer service and communication skills. They must be able to listen to their customers’ needs and concerns and explain complicated topics in easy-to-understand terms. They should also be reliable and punctual.

In addition to repairing plumbing problems, plumbers can also assist with installing new fixtures and appliances. They can install garbage disposals, water filters, and even whole-house filtration systems. This can save households money in the long run by reducing their energy consumption. In addition, they can help homeowners avoid costly repairs by identifying and fixing issues before they become serious problems. Some of these issues may be easy to overlook, such as a slow-draining sink or a toilet that constantly runs. However, ignoring them can lead to major problems down the road, such as flooding or sewage backups.


If you’re facing a plumbing emergency, you’ll want to call a plumber right away. These professionals can help you fix the problem quickly and effectively, so you can get back to normal in no time. They can also provide preventative maintenance services to keep your plumbing in good condition.

A plumber can diagnose problems with your plumbing by inspecting the entire system. They can use video cameras to check the inside of your pipes and find out what’s causing the problem. They can also test the water pressure to make sure everything is working properly. You should always hire a licensed plumber to perform these tests and inspections.

Typically, an emergency plumber will charge more than a regular plumber. This is because they are available after hours and on weekends, which means that they have a higher cost to cover. If you’re in a pinch, try to find out the estimated cost before hiring them.

Some plumbers have a flat fee for an emergency service, while others charge an hourly rate. When choosing an emergency plumber, it’s important to choose one who will treat your home with respect and not cause damage. You should also make sure that the plumber has a license and insurance to work in your home.

A clogged drain can be a huge hassle and inconvenience for homeowners. It can lead to overflowing toilets, flooding basements, and other issues. You can prevent clogged drains by regularly cleaning your kitchen and bathroom sinks and disposing of trash properly. If you’re facing a blocked drain, contact a local plumber right away for fast and effective service.

Most plumbing emergencies are caused by leaks, but some can be prevented with regular maintenance. Regularly checking your plumbing and addressing any minor issues as soon as they arise can save you a lot of money in the long run. Make sure to install a sump pump in your basement and insulate the pipes in unfinished areas of your house. You should also consider getting a whole-house water filtration system to reduce the risk of water contamination.

Is Epoxy Flooring Right For Your Business?

Epoxy is an excellent option for refinishing floors in your business, but there are some things you need to consider before choosing it. This guide will help you decide if Epoxy Flooring Morgantown WV is suitable for your space.

Epoxy Flooring

It can take several days for epoxy floor coatings to cure. During this time you will not be able to park your car or use the space for any other reason.

Durability is one of the most significant benefits of epoxy flooring, especially when it is installed by seasoned specialists. The floor coating will last much longer than floors covered with carpets or tiles, and it also has protective qualities that make it resistant to extreme wear, stains, water, and shock. This durability makes it a cost-efficient choice because property owners don’t have to worry about replacing or redoing the flooring for extended periods.

Industrial areas are commonly exposed to heavy traffic, wetness, heat, or shocks, and the durable surface of an epoxy coating is capable of absorbing impacts without damage. Epoxy is highly resistant to chemicals, brake fluids, oil, corrosive materials, and more. It can also support the weight of machinery, tools, and vehicles, and it is not easily damaged by these factors.

The smooth surface of an epoxy coating produces a nonslip surface that can significantly reduce the chances of accidents and injuries in industrial environments. It can even be enhanced with traction-enhancing additives like vinyl flake or mild aggregate to further enhance safety. This helps to protect employees from accidental slip-and-fall incidents and keeps them safe and productive in their workspaces.

Epoxy can also be applied to existing concrete surfaces, and it is not as difficult to install as other types of flooring products. However, it is important to ensure that the concrete is thoroughly prepped before applying the product, including testing for moisture. If the concrete is wet, a new layer of epoxy may not bond with it correctly.

The best way to test for moisture is to pour a small amount of water on the surface of the floor. If the water beads, it is still possible to apply epoxy, but the process will be more involved and you may need to hire a professional to do so. The good news is that a professional can quickly and efficiently address any issues that arise, so you can continue working on your projects. This can save your business valuable time, and it also prevents a potential loss of productivity that could otherwise affect revenue.


Aside from being incredibly durable, epoxy floors are visually appealing. They come in a wide range of colors and finishes, offering a customizable look that complements any style. They also have low maintenance costs, which makes them a great option for homes and businesses. Moreover, they can increase the value of your property and improve the overall look of your space.

Epoxy is one of the most versatile flooring solutions available today. You can choose from a variety of color mixes, and you can even opt for a floor coating that has decorative flake incorporated into the finish. The flake comes in different sizes and styles, and the size you choose will have a significant impact on your floor’s final appearance. For example, smaller flakes can create a modern-looking design with a multi-color mix, while larger flakes work better as a single-color installation.

The sheen of an epoxy floor is an attractive feature in any garage or other residential spaces. Its high-gloss finish reflects light into the room, making it more visible. This can be especially helpful for commercial showrooms and facilities with poor lighting conditions.

Furthermore, an epoxy floor is easy to clean and maintain. In addition, it is resistant to chemicals and stains. Unlike tiles, which can crack and chip easily, an epoxy floor can withstand a high level of traffic without showing signs of wear and tear. This makes it ideal for heavy-duty industrial applications.

Another benefit of an epoxy floor is its low-odor and moisture-resistant properties. This makes it a good choice for a home or garage, where smell and moisture are common problems. Additionally, an epoxy floor is more affordable than other flooring materials such as tiles or vinyl.

The best way to get the most out of your epoxy floor is to hire a professional to install it. A reputable contractor will ensure that your concrete is prepared properly before applying the epoxy coating. The preparation process typically involves grinding, shot blasting, and scarifying. In addition, an experienced technician will use the proper tools and techniques to apply the epoxy coating.

Easy Maintenance

Epoxy floors have a smooth surface and don’t need harsh cleaning chemicals like those used to maintain other types of flooring. A mop is typically all that is needed for regular maintenance. The only time that a harder brush might be necessary is to remove tire marks, and this can easily be accomplished with a concrete degreaser. The floor can also be waxed to add extra protection, which is a good idea to do if the floors are heavily trafficked and exposed to lots of sun.

Since they are a seamless system, epoxy floors can be installed without the need to cut or remove existing tiles, wood or vinyl flooring. This means that installation is quick and easy, which can save both money and time. At B-Protek, we can typically install an epoxy floor in 3 to 4 days, although this varies depending on the size of the space and the type of finishes chosen.

Proper care of epoxy floors is essential to extend their lifespan and keep them looking glossy and new. Sweeping and dusting daily in high-traffic areas will help to keep dirt, grit and other debris from scratching or etching the surface. Waxing the floor once a month will also reduce the risk of gloss-dulling build-up. It is also a good idea to place a walk-off mat near the entrance of the space to trap dirt and grit that might be tracked in, as well as chemicals such as battery acid, which can damage the floor.

When stains do occur, it is important to clean them up immediately to prevent the liquid from soaking into the resin top coat and causing further problems. Tough stains may need to be soaked up with a diluted solution of ammonia and water, which can be prepared by diluting 1 part ammonia with 10 parts water. This should be wiped on the stain and allowed to soak before being scrubbed with a nylon bristled brush. Rinsing thoroughly afterward will help to ensure that the floor is fully dry.

In addition to daily cleaning and rinsing, it is recommended that epoxy flooring be protected with mats or plywood when jacks or other equipment are used on the floor. This will help to prevent the floor from denting and will make it much easier to clean up any debris that may fall off equipment.


While epoxy floors are naturally durable and resistant to stains, many homeowners and business owners still worry that the floor will be slippery. This is not an unreasonable concern, as slippery surfaces can easily cause accidents and lead to costly lawsuits. Fortunately, there are easy and cost-effective ways to make your epoxy flooring slip-resistant.

One simple way is to add a fine texture to the final epoxy coat. This texture, which is often achieved by adding flakes, will increase traction and reduce the risk of slips. Professional installers can adjust the amount of flakes in the floor coating to create a traction level that matches your needs and concerns.

Another method of making an epoxy floor slip-resistant is to apply a topical anti-slip sealant to the surface once it’s cured. This will give the floor a more grippy surface and can help reduce accidents in high-traffic areas of your home or business. Regular maintenance will also ensure that your epoxy floor stays slip-resistant over time. Sweeping the floor daily to remove grit and dirt, mopping it with mild cleaning chemicals at least once a week, and reapplying the protective wax will keep your floor looking and functioning like new.

The most effective and long-lasting method of making an epoxy floor slip-resistant, however, is to choose a specialized anti-slip additive that will be incorporated into the resin before it’s applied to the concrete. The additive, which can be anything from sand to specialized anti-slip granules, will provide the extra traction needed to prevent accidents. Professionals can incorporate the additive into any type of epoxy, ensuring that the floor will be safe and secure for years to come.

Epoxy flooring is a smart choice for homes and businesses, offering beauty, durability, and safety. While it may be more expensive than other options, it will last longer and can be installed quickly to save you time and money in the long run. It also helps protect the environment by reducing landfill waste and lowering greenhouse gas emissions. It is a sustainable option that will add value to your property and boost your business’s image by creating an attractive and welcoming space for customers and employees alike.